The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) enforced the “one-child policy” for many years, causing a major demographic crisis in China that it is now seeking to reverse by providing financial subsidies to couples with more children. 

In Sichuan province, the Chinese city of Panzhihua announced that it plans to hand out money to counter its aging population, reports Great Game India.

The city of 1.23 million people became the first in China to announce a bonus of 500 yuan ($76.87) per baby each month to families who have a second or third child until the babies turn three, the CCP propaganda outlet Global Times said.

According to Chinese state media, the controversial one-child policy, which lasted from 1979 when Mao Zedong’s successor, reformist Deng Xiaoping, implemented it until 2015, was responsible for preventing the birth of more than 400 million children.

A revealing report by the Jamestown Foundation found that the CCP, the world’s leading perpetrator of forced abortions and sterilization, poured millions of dollars into funding sterilisations in Xinjiang.

After fleeing China to Turkey, Shemsinur Abdighafur, a doctor of traditional Uighur medicine, testified at the Uighur Court in London as an eyewitness to forced abortions, sterilisations and the murder of newborn babies through lethal injections during her work as a nurse in a Chinese hospital, Bitter Winter reports.

“In my time working in hospitals, we could sometimes hear that some babies were born, and they started crying and from this we knew they were alive. But we knew all babies would be given the injection so we knew they would die before they got home,” the nurse said, recounting that on several occasions she hid pregnant women in her home to try to protect the lives of unborn babies. 

China announced in May that it would relax its two-child policy to allow couples to have up to three children. In mid-June, Fu Linghui, spokesman for the CCP’s National Bureau of Statistics, said that the policy change would help address the country’s low number of birth.

However, according to a report published by the Catholic News Agency (CNA), among the goals listed for its next five-year plan to be developed between 2021 and 2025, the CCP aims to “optimise its birth rate policy.”

Leta Hong Fincher, an expert in East Asian studies, expressed extreme concern during a virtual event at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on Nov. 13 about the CCP’s aim to “optimise its birth rate policy.”

She said the plan emphasises eugenics as a method of population planning in China, encouraging the growth of Han Chinese, the dominant ethnic group in China, to the detriment of some racial minorities unwanted by the regime, such as Uighur Muslims.

“The backdrop to all this, of course, is that China’s population is severely aging. And what’s interesting and worrying to me is that the language they have about the aging population is coupled with the need to improve the birth control policy—to cultivate a higher quality population,” said Hong Fincher.