Illegal and unreported fishing generates great concern about the enormous damage to ecosystems, national economies, and global maritime security. Chinese fishing fleets pose the greatest threat because of their size and growing demand for certain species it considers valuable.

U.S. Secretary of the Navy Carlos Del Toro noted at Ocean Security Forum 2021 that illegal and unreported fishing “is happening on an industrial scale” worldwide. The culprit is often China’s subsidized fishing fleet.

Furthermore, during his participation at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, he stressed that 1 in 5 fish sold on international markets is illegally caught.