Apollo News recently reported that new archaeological discoveries of Sanxingdui No. 7 and 8 sacrificial pits had been announced.
According to South China Morning Post, the Sanxingdui archaeology site in the southwestern Chinese province of Sichuan is considered one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century, shedding light on a little-known culture that flourished more than 3,000 years ago.
Thanks to this new excavation, the interaction between Sanxingdui culture and Chinese Shang Dynasty culture and the degree of its influence has once again become a hot topic.
The number of newly unearthed Sanxingdui cultural relics has reached more than 13,000 pieces. In addition to bronze ware, items of gold also account for a significant portion, especially the most famous golden scepter.
This famous golden scepter is one of the national cultural relics in Sanxingdui. It is 1.42 meters long and weighs 500 grams.
The most precious thing about the golden scepter was its decorative pattern. The figure depicted had a round face, a smile at the corners of the mouth, and a jade crown on its head.
This golden scepter is also the largest and heaviest among the Shang Dynasty gold utensils and is a rare treasure used to symbolize kingship and divine power.
Some academic circles have always believed that the use of gold in the Sanxingdui golden scepter, golden mask, and other cultural relics was likely influenced by the civilization of Mesopotamia.
However, with the gradual advancement of archaeological excavations at the Sanxingdui site, archaeologists believe that the way the gold was used in Sanxingdui confirms that it has clear features of Shang influence.
The top of the Sanxingdui golden scepter has a 46-centimeter-long section engraved with mysterious patterns. The patterns are divided into three groups.
The bottom group is engraved with the heads of two people wearing five-tooth-shaped high crowns and three-angle earrings on the earlobes. The above two groups of patterns are the same, with two fish at the top, two birds in the middle, and a feathered arrow that runs through the fish and the bird.