According to Chinese media, on January 25th, the NGO Transparency International released the Global Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) of 2021.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is calculated on a scale from 0—high corruption to 100—very transparent.
Out of the 180 countries, topping the list of transparent governance are Denmark, Finland, and New Zealand, with a score of 88. The United States scored 67. The highest-scoring region in Western Europe scores an average of 66, Sub-Saharan Africa scores 33, and South Sudan has 11/100, making it the least transparent and the most corrupted nation in the 2021 CPI report.
China scored 45/100 and ranked 66/180 listed nations.
Roberto Kukutschka, Transparency International research expert, told VOA on January 25th, “In the 2019 survey, we interviewed people selected for the survey about their bribery experience in five public service sectors in China. Including healthcare, education, police, the vehicle control bureau (where the driver’s license is issued), and the public security bureau (where a passport is issued). The survey results show that 28 percent of Chinese people bribed government public service employees to obtain government services.”
Gary Kalman, Director of the U.S. Office at Transparency International, said that 45 is a low score, and it is not something to be proud of as he comments on China’s rank in the 2021 report.
Kalman pointed out that the situation in China raises concerns in many ways “because China is a global player and corruption goes beyond its domestic borders. I’m trying to say that you have to look globally beyond China’s borders to fully understand the impact of corruption in China. The Corruption Perception Index only measures domestic corruption, not illicit financial flows between countries.”
The BBC once quoted an analysis of Africa business editor Larry Madowo saying that the U.S. has regulations such as the “Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.” The Act explicitly regulates American companies so that they cannot use bribery and other improper means abroad to obtain contracts at home, but China has no such Act.
The Chinese regimes corruption spills over its border
According to Kalman, the CCP’s corrupt practices have crossed borders and spilled over into other parts of the world, primarily those developing countries, including Africa. Corrupt transactions are covered up under foreign investment funds and corrupted infrastructure contracts.
The CCP has been expanding mining into Africa for more than two decades. It has always been suspected of bringing corruption to Africa, although the CCP has always denied it.
Han Lianchao, vice president of US NGO Citizen Power, told VOA: “A survey report about two years ago by the State Council Research Office in cooperation with multiple state banks and organizations stated that Chinese assets were lost overseas, mainly in the Western parts of the world. The largest number is in the United States. This number is much larger than the officially reported figures in China.”
Chinese Communism corrupts Democracy in the United States
The Corruption Perceptions Index 2021 report said some government officials build a clean profile abroad while transferring the regime’s funds out of China and committing domestic human rights violations.
Han Lianchao, a longtime pro-democracy activist in the U.S., told VOA that international corruption damages the democratic system. Take the relationship between the United States and China as an example. When vast amounts of money pour into the United States from China, it’s integrated into the U.S. system by buying real estate, companies, stocks, etc., most of which are in the control of Wall Street. Furthermore, large sums of money are often arranged, transferred, and managed through the hands of wealth management companies.
“This has to be brought up to the political level in the United States. For example, the policy of increasing U.S. regulation would be opposed by Wall Street, this would unthinkably undermine the democratic politics of the United States.”
Transparency International identified a closed relationship between anti-corruption and democracy in their statistic
The CPI report says, “Complacency in fighting corruption exacerbates human rights abuses and undermines democracy, setting off a vicious spiral.
“As these rights and freedoms erode and democracy declines, authoritarianism takes its place, contributing to even higher levels of corruption.”