In response to the first sighting of the J-16D electric fighter over Taiwan’s ADIZ, Taiwan Defense Strategy and Resources Institute Director Su Zi-wan pointed out on Jan. 25 that the J-16D has three primary means of electromagnetic warfare. He stressed that the national army should strengthen its electronic countermeasures capability.

On Jan. 24, China sent 13 aircraft to Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone, where the J-16D electronic fighter was spotted for the first time.

Su Ziyun said that J-16D has three main methods used in electromagnetic combat.

1. Soft kill: Sending similar electromagnetic waves to interfere with and obscure the enemy’s signals so that they do not function.

2. Hard kill: After the radio waves are measured, the direction and altitude of the aircraft are determined with respect to the relative spatial position, and then the actual position of the digital map and the digital coordinates are calculated using a computer. The digital coordinates are fed into the missile computer, and then the Beidou satellite can be used for guidance and control to precisely destroy the enemy’s antenna at the radar station and command center.

3. Electronic-cyber Warfare: This is a follow-up development of the U.S. Army’s Suter Warfare, which directly invades the enemy’s wireless communications network and feeds false information to deceive and control the enemy’s overall system.

Su Ziyun said that the J-16D electronic fighters of China’s special flying brigade are no longer limited to the traditional concept of electronic combat. So Taiwan needs to have the ability to combat the electromagnetic network to a certain extent. That is, Taiwan’s military system needs to have the ability to enter the enemy’s network to intercept it.

Lieutenant General Zhang Yanting, former Deputy Command of Taiwan Air Force, believes that his country must make every effort to exploit intelligence information and develop measures to deal with electronic warfare. He suggested that the U.S. and Japan transfer the data collected from China to Taiwan. He said that the U.S. military had grasped much information from China because, in recent years, U.S. aircraft often approached and flew close to the coastal areas of China such as Guangdong, Hainan, Huang-hai sea, and Zhejiang.

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