President Xi Jinping says China can’t count on the international market to supply sufficient food for its population.

In the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference on March 6, he emphasized the priority of implementing its rural revitalization strategy, ensuring the domestic supply of important agricultural products, and focusing on improving comprehensive agricultural production capacity. This is in line with China’s No1 Central Document released 2021.

According to the Food Sustainability Index report, China was ranked 33rd out of 78 countries in overall food sustainability. In the agricultural sustainability category, however, China was close to the bottom of the index at 74th.

Over the past several decades, China has increasingly found itself running a food trade deficit. Between 2003 and 2017, China’s food imports grew from just $14 billion to $104.6 billion. Food exports nearly tripled from $20.2 billion to $59.6 billion over the same period.

Even though economic development has allowed China to make enormous strides toward feeding its people, serious challenges remain, particularly after some crop prices rocketed in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

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